Simple Touch Switch Circuit


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Similar to the CMOS based Touch Switch also on this site, this transistor based touch switch can activate a load simply by the user touching a metal plate. It is designed to directly switch a relay to allow it to be used with large loads. As it uses only a few commonly available transistors and a 12V supply, it is ideal for hostile environments where mechanical switches would be damaged. Using a latching relay and two of these circuits, a simple two pad "touch on/touch off" arrangement can be made.

Schematic

Schematic for touch switch

Parts

Part
Total Qty.
Description
Substitutions
R1110 Meg 1/4W Resistor
R2147K 1/4W Resistor
R31120k 1/4W Resistor
R41470 Ohm 1/4W Resistor
C1115uF Electrolytic Capacitor
D111N4007 Silicon Rectifier Diode
Q112N5458 N Channel Field Effect Transistor
Q212N2222 NPN Transistor2N3904
Q312N3906 PNP Transistor
K11Relay w/12V Coil, Contacts To Suit Application
MISC1Board, Wire, Small Metal Pad For Touch Pad

Notes

  1. The touch pad can be most easily made by cutting a small square of PCB material and then soldering on a single wire. Alternatively, something like a penny glued to a plastic backing will do the job.
  2. As mentioned, a latching relay can be used so that a momentary touch activates the relay and it remains active. To turn off a latching relay, power must be interrupted. So a 2nd circuit with a normal relay can be used to cut power (use the NC contacts on the 2nd circuit). Placed side by side, two touch pads form an "on" and an "off" pad.

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Comments

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Jason
Simple Touch Switch
Saturday, December 10, 2011 10:57:42 AM
Ikashi:It doesn't matter which power supply you use, as long as it matches your mains and puts out 12v DC which is fairly clean. As far as how to build this, look at http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=vJUX9cvyYjU&feature=related which should get your mind going.
mk
Simple Touch Switch
Thursday, December 16, 2010 12:34:45 PM
Can I Use any other mosfet instead of 2n5458 ??
amiel
Simple Touch Switch
Wednesday, September 22, 2010 4:10:03 AM
do you have instructions on how to do this thing,, i mean how to build this project,, i really need an electronic project please reply,, (T_T)
ikashi
Simple Touch Switch
Monday, September 20, 2010 9:03:20 PM
can i use a 240V supply for the 12V input in the circuit what are the procedures or the steps to make the simple touch switch
manolo
Simple Touch Switch help
Thursday, March 18, 2010 1:43:10 PM
i have all the pieces but i don't know how to put them together how to know how the transistors go, i mean, in what orientation and the most important the relay i have has 5 input/output how to put it in the right order im new at this so explain like if i were retarded
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