12V To 24V DC-DC Converter Circuit


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This simple DC-DC converter can provide up to 24V from a 12V source. It can be used to run radios, small lights, relays, horns and other 24V accessories from a 12V vehicle with a maximum draw of about 800mA. It can be used to charge one 12V battery from another, or step up the voltage just enough to provide necessary overhead for a 12V linear regulator. Using one op-amp as a squarewave oscillator to ring an inductor and another op-amp in a feedback loop, it won't drift around under varying loads, providing a stable 24V source for many applications. With a wide adjustment in output this circuit has many uses.

Schematic

Schematic for the 12 To 24V DC-DC Converter circuit

Parts

Part
Total Qty.
Description
Substitutions
R1, R2, R3, R4, R8, R76100K 1/4W Resistor
R51470 Ohm 1/2W Resistor
R6110K Linear Pot
C110.01uF Mylar Capacitor
C210.1uF Ceramic Disc Capacitor
C31470uF 63V Electrolytic Capacitor
D111N4004 Rectifier Diode
D21BY229-400 Fast Recovery DiodeSee Notes
Q11BC337 NPN Power Transistor
U11LM358 Dual Op Amp IC
L11See Notes
MISC1Board, Wire, Socket For U1, Case, Knob For R6, Heatsink for Q1

Notes

  1. R6 sets the output voltage. This can be calculated by Vout = 12 x (R8/(R8+R7)) x (R6B/R6A).
  2. L1 is made by winding 60 turns of 0.63MM magnet wire on a toroidial core measuring 15MM (OD) by 8MM (ID) by 6MM (H).
  3. D2 can be any fast recovery diode rated at greater then 100V at 5A. It is very important that the diode be fast recovery and not a standard rectifier.
  4. Q1 will need a heatsink.

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Comments

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isme
12V To 24V DC-DC Converter
Tuesday, March 11, 2014 11:25:23 PM
If I could replace the caps and resistors with higher watt rated caps and resistors and the IC with something a little more robust ... could this circuit be made to produce 4 amps? I need to run a laptop from my cars lighter socket. Any ideas about what IC could be used for that? Thanks.
Doug
12V To 24V DC-DC Converter
Monday, September 16, 2013 8:32:54 AM
For a detailed video about this type of 12V inverter in action. See this link: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=tyvZGIlHEok I have put together many of Aaroncake's circuits, many very good, but I did have issues with this circuit. This video shows how to stop the exploding capacitor problem, and also shows another variation which produce plenty of power.
anonymous
12V To 24V DC-DC Converter
Wednesday, January 04, 2012 5:00:15 AM
what is leg 9?
brij sahu jhansi india
12V To 24V DC-DC Converter
Wednesday, December 07, 2011 4:08:57 AM
This is a great circuit .i used in my car to play computer woffers. {usb players} wich is operatied 24 volt dc . when i went a long drive i enjoy with woffers.
amit
12V To 24V DC-DC Converter
Thursday, September 29, 2011 12:49:25 PM
hi every one... what is the efficiency of this circuit ?
snapter
12V To 24V DC-DC Converter
Tuesday, September 27, 2011 1:54:35 AM
For D2, would it be OK if I change it to diode 1N4148?
collin
12V To 24V DC-DC Converter
Monday, May 09, 2011 3:03:30 AM
This is a great circuit, but if you want a really easy boost converter, just go buy a pwm chip (they make ones for this exact purpose).
anonymousAlex
12V To 24V DC-DC Converter
Friday, February 18, 2011 11:17:39 PM
Hello everyone I love this circuit but I want to find out if I add more power transistors to this circuit if it can handle higher currents. Please send coments to my email thanks
Josip
12V To 24V DC-DC Converter
Thursday, January 06, 2011 11:53:32 AM
Hello everyone, we finally got this circuit working. For Q1, we had to replace BC337 with BC331 because BC337 wasn't strong enough and kept getting fried. BC331, however, requires a heatsink as well, so don't forget that. Also, as L1 we used a serial connection of 1.7 mH and 0.2 mH inductors. The L1 mystery has been solved at last. :) Cheers.
Hinkus Pooper
12V To 24V DC-DC Converter
Sunday, December 05, 2010 11:14:21 PM
Can I get 43Kw from this circuit or will I need a heatshink ?

(Editor's notes: Uh, no.)

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